Minimum Wage Rates

Monthly minimum wage rates across Europe

Many countries in Europe operate statutory or collectively determined minimum wage rates. In all but a handful of countries, these rates provide a standard of living that is close to (or even below) subsistence levels. Austria, Denmark, Finland, Italy and Sweden do not operate national minimum rates, but nevertheless have minimum rates set through sectoral collective agreements that jointly cover a high proportion of the working population. Belgium does not apply a statutory rate, but does have collective minima (RMMMG) that may be claimed as a legal right. Germany introduced a national minimum wage for the first time on January 1st 2015. Bosnia-Herzgovina has a national collective agreement that is approved by the government and creates an effective minimum wage in the federal area.

Monthly gross statutory minimum wage rates):

Full-time adult employees, aged 23+  (unless otherwise specified) [1]

Country Minimum wage rate Currency code Date effective
Albania 24,000 leke ALL 01.05.2017
Andorra [21] 1045.33 euros EUR 01.01.2018
Austria [2] CB determined rates EUR Annual
Belarus 265 rubles
BYR 01.01.2017
Belgium [22] [RMMMG] 1,603.75 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Bulgaria [23] 510 levs BGN 01.01.2018
Croatia  3,439 kunas HRK 01.01.2018
Cyprus [3] 924.00 euros EUR 01.04.2012
Czech Republic [4] 12,200 koruny CZK 01.01.2018
Estonia 500.00 euro EUR 01.01.2018
France [5] 1,498.00 euros EUR 01.01.2018
Germany [24] 1,532.27 euros EUR  01.01.2017 
Greece [6] [7] 585.78 euros EUR 01.03.2012
Guernsey (Channel Is) 1,343.33 pounds GGP 01.01.2018
Hungary [8] 180,500 forints HUF 01.01.2018
Iceland [9] 300,000 kronur ISK 01.05.2018
Ireland 1,655.33 euros EUR 01.01.2018
Isle of Man 1,300.00 IOM pounds IMP 01.06.2017
Jersey (Channel Is) (25) 1,300.00 Jersey pounds JEP 01.04.2018
Kosovo [10] 170.00 euros EUR 01.01.2011
Latvia 430 euros EUR 01.01.2018
Lithuania 400 euros EUR 01.07.2018
Luxembourg [11] 1998.59 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Macedonia [12] 12,000.00 dinars MKD 01.04.2017
Malta [13] 761.63 euros EUR 01.01.2018
Moldova 2,380 lei MDL 01.05.2017
Montenegro [14] 288.05 euros EUR            2014
Netherlands [20] 1,565.40 euros EUR 01.07.2017
Poland 2,100 zlotys PLN 01.01.2018
Portugal [6] 580 euros EUR 01.01.2018
Romania [15]

1,900.00 leu

RON 01.01.2018
Russian Federation [16] 9,489 roubles RUB 01.01.2018
Serbia 24,787 new dinars RSD 01.01.2018
Slovakia 480 euros EUR 01.01.2018
Slovenia [17] [18] 805 euros EUR 20.01.2017
Spain [6] offer pending EUR 01.01.2018
Turkey  1,777.50 Turkish lira TRY 01.01.2017
Ukraine 3,723.00 hryvnias UAH 01.01.2018
United Kingdom [19] 1,357.2pounds sterling GBP 01.04.2018

[1] Where official rates are expressed by the hour or week, they have been converted to monthly rates on the basis of a 40-hour week and 52-week year (except in France (35 hour week) and Belgium (38 hour week). Minimum wage figures are gross (pre-tax) rates and exclude any 13th or 14th month payments that may be due under national legislation, collective agreements, custom or practice. Due to the exclusion of 13th/14th month bonuses FedEE data will differ significantly from many other sources that misleadingly add these payments to normal monthly or hourly rates.

[2] Austria: There are no central minimum wage rates – but only sectoral rates determined through collective agreement. For foreign workers these are now enforced through the Law on Wage and Social Dumping (2017)

[3] Cyprus: applicable to five specific occupations in non-unionised sectors after 6 months’ employment. Minimum wage upon first recruitment is 870 euros. The rate has not been fully updated since the economic crisis and many employees receive wages below the official rate.

[4] Czech Republic: rates do not include travel allowances, on-call payments and severance compensation. 

[5] France: based on statutory 35-hour week.

[6] Greece, Portugal, Spain: white-collar workers only. Workers normally entitled to 14 monthly payments per year.

[7] Greece: rate applicable to over 25s. Different rates apply to blue and white collar workers and vary by length of service and marital status. Private sector workers only. The minimum wage was cut by 22% due to austerity measures. The minimum wage for those under 25 was cut by 32% (currently 510 euros). 

[8] Hungary: There is a higher minimum wage for skilled workers.

[9] Iceland: the minimum pay level is established through a national collective agreement. The private sector rate given is illustrative and is after 6 months in a job. In May 1 2017 it was kr. 280,000 a month.

[10] Kosovo: rate applies to under 35s. 

[11] Luxembourg: unskilled workers only.

[12] Macedonia: Now applies to all sectors.

[13] Malta: higher wage rates are set by order in the following sectors: agriculture, beverages, domestic work, clay and glass work products, food manufacturing, hire cars and private buses, hospitals and buses, jewellery and watches, leather goods and shoes, papers, plastic, chemicals and petroleum, private security services, professional offices, public transport, sextons and custodians, textiles, tobacco manufacture, transport equipment, metal, woodwork and private cleaning services. 

[14] Montenegro: the rate is normally adjusted on the basis of a recommendation from the Social Council.

[15] Romania: based on 170 hours per month.

[16] Russia: the monthly minimum wage in Moscow is 18,742 rubles and St Petersburg 16,000 rubles. Regions may pay enhanced rates.

[17] Slovenia: the minimum wage is defined as “normal net take home pay”. 

[18] Slovenia: all sectors except textiles and leather – where lower rates apply.

[19]  UK: Employees aged 25 and over must be paid the new national living wage of £7.50 pounds an hour up to March 31 2018 and £7.83 an hour thereafter. For those aged 21-24 the new minimum wage will be £7.38 an hour from April 1st 2018.

[20] Netherlands: At age 22+. Younger workers and highly skilled migrants have higher minimum rates.

[21] Andorra: Aged 25 and over. Based on a 40-hour week.

[22] Belgium. The RMMMG adult starting rate at age 20+. Employees in professional classifications  under the CCT agreement have a higher minimum  set at 1688.58 euros in October 2017 for Class A and no years of service.

[23] Bulgaria,. This is set in the state budget to rise to 560 Levs in 2019 and 610 levs in 2020.

[24] Germany. The Minimum Wage Commission sets rates ever two years. the next uplift will be in January 2019.

[25] Jersey (Channel Islands. The minimum wage from 1.4.2017 to 31.3.2018 was £7.18 an hour.

Disclaimer: The data provided in this document and associated printed and/or web pages is intended for guidance purposes only. No warranty is provided for its absolute accuracy and users should accept that although every effort is made to maintain information as up to date as possible some late amendments and updates will arise.

Copyright: FedEE Corporate Services Ltd. 2017/18

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